Dawn Fraser
(21, AUS)
WR
61.02 sec (1958)
Olympic Games // 100m freestyle
N/A
WR
N/A
Paralympic Games // 100m freestyle
Olympic Innovation
One-piece full body suits made of natural materials like wool and silk were typical of male swimmers, until they started swimming bare-chested at the 1936 Olympics. In the 1950s nylon became popular as the stronger and smoother fabric reduced water resistance. The racerback design was also introduced with the aim of increasing swimmers' flexibility.
Olympic Innovation
Swimmers had no eye protection.
Paralympic History
While Paralympic swimming had not been officially introduced, Olivér Halassy was one of the first amputee swimmers to compete in the Olympics for water polo. In 1931 he competed in the 1500m freestyle against able bodied athletes at the European Championships, and won.

Men’s Records

Olympic Winner
John Devitt (20, AUS)
WR// 55.2 sec (1957)
Paralympic Winner
N/A
WR// N/A